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Piano Scale Fingering


I have always used specific piano scale fingering for major and minor scales.

There's no magic formula or science to it; I truly believe that we use a particular fingering pattern for one simple reason - it's just down to common sense, what works, and is easiest to play.

The fingering I'll show you here is standard - used in music theory and scale books around the world.


Fingers Chart


First of all, I thought it would help if I showed you a picture of 'which finger is which':


reading-music-notes


Now let's start with the piano scale fingering that most students learn first, for the 'easier' major scales, like C, G, D, A, and E Major; and A, E, and D Minor.

Right Hand, One Octave:

1-2-3-1-2-3-4-5

Right Hand, Two Octaves:

1-2-3-1-2-3-4-1-2-3-1-2-3-4-5

Here is the right hand C major scale, in one octaves and two, to show you how the fingering matches the notes (finger #1 is always the thumb):

piano-scale-chart-2

C Major - Right Hand - One Octave



piano-music-scales

C Major - Right Hand - Two Octave



Left Hand, One Octave:

5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1

Left Hand, Two Octaves:

5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1-4-3-2-1-3-2-1






More "tricky" Finger Patterns


The B major scale is an oddball; the right hand is the same as the ones above, but the left hand is different:

Left Hand, One Octave:

4-3-2-1-4-3-2-1

Left Hand, Two Octaves:

4-3-2-1-4-3-2-1-3-2-1-4-3-2-1






When you start to learn scales with 'flats' (eg F major) then the fingering starts to get a little more complicated.

The fingering for F Major would be this:

Right Hand, One Octave:

1-2-3-4-1-2-3-4

Right Hand, Two Octaves:

1-2-3-4-1-2-3-1-2-3-4-1-2-3-4

Left Hand, One Octave:

5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1

Left Hand, Two Octaves:

5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1-4-3-2-1-3-2-1






The Bb major scale is this:

Right Hand One Octave:

2-1-2-3-1-2-3-4

Right Hand Two Octaves:

2-1-2-3-1-2-3-4-1-2-3-1-2-3-4

Left Hand One Octave:

3-2-1-4-3-2-1-2

Left Hand Two Octaves:

3-2-1-4-3-2-1-3-2-1-4-3-2-1-2






Back to Piano Scales













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